One century after the French Revolution, France was booming in the scientific, cultural and artistic fields. This was the golden age of Freud, Zola, Jules Verne and Rodin.
• General Boulanger is appointed Minister of War.
• Industry is carried by science, and science stimulated by industry.
• Improvements in means of communication (the Suez Canal opened in 1869) puts China a month away from Marseille, and Japan less than 40 days away.
• The Impressionists show their work in New York despite never having met with success in France.
• The Americans inaugurate the Statue of “Liberty that lit the world”, designed by sculptor Auguste Bartholdi (structure by Gustave Eiffel).
• At the end of the XIXth century, fashion relects economic and social life. Lavishly attired, the bourgeoisie ills the salons in vogue, the clubs and theatres.
• Sarah Bernhardt plays Marion Delorme.
• Sigmund Freud opens his practice in Vienna.
• Sadi Carnot is elected President of the Republic.
• Building of the new Bourse de Commerce is completed.
• The irst labor exchange opens in Paris.
• The International Congress of Astronomers decides to make the irst map of the sky.
• André Antoine founds the Free Theatre.
• Gustave Ferrié enters Polytechnique.
• William II becomes Emperor of Germany.
• 11,000 people in France have a telephone.
• Emile Zola completes Les Rougon-Macquart.
• Jules Verne has been writing Les Voyages Extraordinaires for 25 years.
• Banquet of the Mayors of France.
• The decline and end of Le Boulangisme.
• Foundation of the Second International.
• Benjamin Harrison is elected President of the United States, and the irst Panamerican Conference is held in Washington.
• Paul Claudel writes Tête d’Or, Alfred Jarry embarks on Ubu Roi, Knut Hamsun pens Hunger and Paul Bourget Le disciple.
• Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Gauguin in Arles.
• Foundation of the the Nabis group of artists.
• Birth of Charles Spencer Chaplin, known as Charlie… and of Martin Heidegger, Adolf Hitler, Abel Gance, Jean Cocteau, Jean de Lattre de Tasssigny.
• Death of Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly, Philippe de Villiers de l’Isle-Adam and Eugène Chevreul, a French chemist fascinated by the construction of the Eiffel Tower.
• After Les Bourgeois de Calais, Auguste Rodin sculpts The Kiss.
• Birth of René Barthélémy, the pioneer of French television.
Credit: Phil Guest – 1886: The Americans inaugurate the Statue of “Liberty that lit the world”, designed by sculptor Auguste Bartholdi (structure by Gustave Eiffel).